Vladivostok is the administrative, cultural, scientific, and economic center of Primorsky Krai and the Vladivostok urban district, as well as the largest research and educational center of the Far East region. Far Eastern Federal University and the Far Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Science are located in the city.
The city population amounts to nearly 600,000 people.
Vladivostok is located on the Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula and 18 islands. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan from three sides.
Vladivostok has a monsoon climate.
The winter is dry and cold, with clear weather.
The spring is long, with frequent temperature fluctuations.
The summer is warm and humid. The majority of precipitation falls within the summer months.
The autumn is warm; the amount of precipitation gradually diminishes by winter. First wind-chill usually takes place in the beginning of November.
The average annual temperature in the city is +4.9°C.
The warmest month is August, with a temperature of +20.8°C.
The coldest month is January with a temperature of −11.3°C.
The water temperature in August and in the beginning of September is 22-24°C.
In June 1860, after the signing of the Treaty of Aigun between Russia and China, the Russian military port Vladivostok was created in Golden Horn bay of the Sea of Japan.
In May 1880, Vladivostok, with its population of 7,300 people, was assigned city status, comprising of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula and Russian Island.
In 1899, the Oriental Institute was founded in Vladivostok.
By the beginning of XX century, a small city turned into the largest Russian port and naval base in the Far East.
In the Soviet period, Vladivostok finally became the cultural, scientific, and industrial center of the Far East. It is actively developing engineering, shipbuilding and ship repair, production of building materials and fishing equipment, food, consumer goods, and wood processing industries. The city founded the Far Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Science, Far Eastern State and Technical Universities, three theaters, two museums, and an art gallery.
In September 2012, the CEO Summit APEC took place on Russian Island. In the summit, meetings were arranged for heads of states and representatives of economies from more than 20 countries of the Asia-Pacific region.
Vladivostok is the terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway, fourth in freight traffic, and the first free seaport of the Far Eastern basin.
FREE PORT OF VLADIVOSTOK
The Federal Law ‘On Vladivostok Free Port’ took effect on 12 October 2015.
The free port regulations apply in 15 municipalities in the south of Primorsky Territory.
Residents of the free port benefit from significant administrative advantages and tax concessions.
Details can be found in the Vladivostok Free Port section.